Peru is home to one of the world’s longest mountain ranges, the Andes Mountains. This massive expanse of jagged rock and unforgivable terrain stretches for an impressive 4,500 miles from north to south along the western coast of South America. Many also view the Andes Mountains as an edifice of speculative beliefs and strange sites from antiquity. Specifically, the Nazca Lines have left many dumbfounded and legends of Viracocha are prominent throughout the ancient culture.

When considering the mysteries of the Andres, it is important to begin with one of the most advanced civilizations to ever exist. The Incan Empire was an advanced civilization from the South American past. This empire thrived for over 300 years and was all but wiped out by the invasion of the Spanish Conquistadors in the 16th century. Throughout the incredible growth and expansion of the Incan Empire, the Inca established their capital city as Cusco, located in southern Peru. Roughly 12,000 feet about Cusco lies one of the most important and prodigious megalithic complexes we know of, Saksaywaman.

Saksaywaman has the overwhelming ability to make you feel small. When faced with the complex puzzle of jigsawed stones, some in excess of 200 tons, you can’t help but recognize your place in the cosmos. This architectural feat still cannot be reproduced, let alone explained, by today’s modern technologies. The colossal blocks used in the construction of Saksaywaman do not employ the use of mortar. The stones have been hewn to fit together based on size and shape. The designer of the expanse was able to achieve this with such provision that even a single sheet of paper cannot fit between the stones. 

It is important to consider how monumental a feat like this is. Not only is the layout and design beyond our current technologies, but the overwhelming size of Saksaywaman also raises many questions with respect to how is was constructed. Can you imagine trying to move an object that weighs over 400,000 pounds? According to mainstream archeology and many engineers, it has been stated that it would take approximated 10 to 20 men to move a one-ton block by brute force. Even if we are generous and base our math on ten men, this stone would require 400,000 men to move it. The placement of these massive sized stones raises the obvious question: how did ancient man achieve this? 

By no means am I discrediting the ingenuity of humanity. It is almost foolish not to ask the question as to how, if this was a purely terrestrial undertaking, how is it that ancient had the technology to complete such a task. There is evidence of vitrification at the site as well. Vitrification is the process by which intense heat causes a substance such as stone to be transformed into glass due to the bonding between elementary particles. To accomplish this, one would have to employ heat well into the upwards of 1100 degrees Celsius. 

This ancient walled fortress has been attributed to the Inca. However, there is refutable evidence that many parts of the complex predate the Inca by a recidivous amount of time. Some have suggested that the venerable complex demonstrates evidence of the Inca building on top of the foundation that was left by a much older civilization. Innumerable evidence challenges the commonly accepted methods by which the site could have been completed and by whom. Much like a legion of sites from antiquity, the complex was developed in conjunction with the alignment of celestial bodies and angular waves. Where did this knowledge come from? Much of history showcases our ancestors as one step removed from cavemen, yet somehow they have been able to design, develop, and execute on a scale that cannot be replicated today.


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